2.1.1 External Epoxy Coating
API RP 5L2 Recommended Practice for Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Non-Corrosive Gas Transmission Service.
CAN/CSA-Z245.20 Standard for External Fusion Bond Epoxy Coating for Steel Pipe
AS 3862 Standard Specification for External Fusion-Bonded Epoxy Coating for Steel Pipes
AWWA C210 Standard for Liquid-Epoxy Coating Systems for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C213 Standard for Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines.
DEP 22.214.171.124-Gen TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR EXTERNAL FUSION-BONDED EPOXY POWDER COATINGFOR LINE PIPE
NFA 49-710 Standard Specification for External FBE layered Coating
ISO 21809-2:2007, Petroleum and natural gas industries-External coatings for buried or submerged pipelines used in pipeline transportation systems-Part 2: Fusion-bonded epoxy coatings
NACE RP0394 – National Association of Corrosion Engineers Standard Recommended Practice, Application, Performance, and Quality Control of Plant Applied, Fusion Bonded Epoxy External Pipe Coating.
NACPA 12-78 – National Association of Pipe Coating Applicators External Application Procedure for Plant Applied fusion Bonded Epoxy (FBE) to Steel Pipe.
SAES-H-002 Internal and External Coatings for Steel Pipelines and Piping
09-SAMSS-089 Shop-Applied External FBE Coating
09-SAMSS-091 Shop-Applied Internal FBE Coatings
2.1.2 Polyethylene Coating
CAN/CSA Z245.21 External Polyethylene Coating for Pipe
DIN 30670 Polyethylene Sheathing of Steel Tubes and of Steel Shaped Fittings
NFA 49-710 External Three-Layer Polyethylene Based Coating, Application by Extrusion
DNV-RP-F106 Factory Applied External Pipeline Coatings For Corrosion Control
AS/NZS 1518 External Extruded High-Density Polyethylene Coating System for Pipes
ISO 21809-1 Petroleum and natural gas industries -- External coatings for buried or submerged pipelines used in pipeline transportation systems - Part 1: Polyolefin coatings (3- layer PE and 3- layer PP)
ISO 21809-4:2009, Petroleum and natural gas industries -External coatings for buried or submerged pipelines used in pipeline transportation systems-Part 4: Polyethylene Coatings (2-layer PE)
DEP 126.96.36.199-Gen. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR EXTERNAL POLYETHYLENE AND POLYPROPYLENE COATING FOR LINE PIPE
IPS-G-TP-335 Material and Construction Standard for Three Layer Polyethylene Coating System
NFA 49-710 External 3 layer Polyethylene Coating
PETROBRAS' ET-200.03 Engineering Specification ("Piping Materials for Production and Process Facilities") for using low density linear polyethylene in carbon steel piping, as to appendix 13 of such specification.
09-SAMSS-113 External Renovation Coating for Buried Pipelines and Piping (APCS-113)
UNI 9099-DIN 30670 Polyethylene Coating Applied by Extrusion
2.1.3 Polypropylene Coating
DIN30678 Polypropylene Sheathing of Steel Tubes and of Steel Shaped Fittings
EN 10286 Steel tubes and fittings for onshore and offshore pipelines –External three layer extruded polypropylene based coatings.
NFA 49-711 External Three-Layer Polypropylene Based Coating, Application by Extrusion
09-SAMSS-114 Shop-Applied Extruded, Three-Layer Polypropylene External Coatings for Line Pipe
2.1.4 Polyurethane Coating
AWWA C222-99: Polyurethane Coatings for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipe and Fittings
BS 5493- Polyurethane Coating
DIN 30677.2 polyurethane Insulation of the fittings
EN 10290- External Liquid Applied Polyurethane Coatings
2.1.5 Polyolefin Coating
AWWA C225-03: Fused Polyolefin Coating Systems for the Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C215-99: Extruded Polyolefin Coatings for the Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C216-00 Standard for Heat-Shrinkable Cross-Linked Polyolefin Coatings for the Exterior of Special Sections, Connections, and Fitting for the Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C224 - 01: Two-layer Nylon-11 Based Polyamide Coating System for Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipe and Fittings
AWWA C225 - 03: Fused Polyolefin Coating Systems for the Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines
2.1.6 Tape Coating
ISO 21809-3:2008, Petroleum and natural gas industries-External coatings for buried or submerged pipelines used in pipeline transportation systems-Part 3: Field joint coatings
AWWA C209-00: Standard for Cold-Applied Tape Coatings for the Exterior of Special Sections, Connections, and Fittings for Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C214-00 Standard for Tape Coating Systems for the Exterior of the Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C217-99 Standard for Cold-Applied Petrolatum Tape and Petroleum Wax Tape Coatings for the Exterior for Special Sections, Connections, and Fittings for Buried/Submerged Steel Water Pipelines
AWWA C218-02 Standard for Coating the Exterior of Aboveground Steel Water Pipelines and Fittings
AWWA C224-01: Two-layer Nylon-11 Based Polyamide Coating System for Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipe and Fittings
EN 12068 - DIN 30672 STANDARD-POLYETHYLENE SELF ADHESIVE TAPES
2.1.7 Bitumen Coating
DIN 30673 Bitumen coatings and linings for steel pipes, fittings and vessels.
2.1.8 Coal-Tar Enamel Coating
AWWA C-203 Coal-Tar Protective Coatings and Linings for Steel Water Pipelines-Enamel and Tape-Hot-Applied
AWWA C205 Cement Mortar Protective Lining and Coating for Steel Water Pipe - 4 inch (100 mm) and Larger- Shop Applied
2.1.9 Concrete Weighted Coating
DNV-OS-F101 Submarine Pipeline System
ASTM C171 Specification for Sheet Material for Coating Concrete
BS EN 12620 Aggregates for Concrete
ISO 21809-5:2009, Petroleum and natural gas industries -External coatings for buried or submerged pipelines used in pipeline transportation systems - Part 5:External concrete coating.
ASTM C42 Standard Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete
ASTM C642 Standard Test Method for Specific Gravity, Absorption and Voids in Hardened Concrete
ASTM C87 Standard Test Method for Effect of Impurities in Fine Aggregate on Strength of Mortar BS 1881 Methods of Testing Concrete
BS 3148 Methods of Test for Water for Making Concrete
BS 4482 Hard Drawn Mild Steel Wire for the Reinforcement of Concrete
BS 4483 Specification for Steel Fabric for the Reinforcement of Concrete
BS 4449 Specification for Carbon Steel Bars for Reinforcement of Concrete
ISO 4012 Determination of Compressive Strength of Test Specimen
2.1.10 Marine Coating
EN ISO 12944:1998 – Paints & Varnishes – Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures by protective paint system (parts 1 – 8)
ISO 20340:2009 Paints and varnishes – Performance requirements for protective paint systems for offshore and related structures
ISO 15741 Paints and varnishes-Friction-reduction coatings for the interior of on- and offshore pipelines for non-corrosive gases
2.1.11 Other specification
British Gas BGC/PS/CM1,
GAZ de France R 09
NACE RP 0181
NF A 49-706
2.2.1 Epoxy Lining
AWWA C210: Liquid-Epoxy Coating Systems for the Interior and Exterior of Steel Water Pipelines
API RP512 or NFA 49-709 Internal can be epoxy 80 microns
TS EN 10289
NFA 49708 Recommended Practice for Internal Coating of Line Pipe
2.2.2 Bitumen Lining
DIN 30673 Bitumen coatings and linings for steel pipes, fittings and vessels
UNI-ISO 5256/87 STANDARD-BITUMEN COATING
2.2.3 Cement Mortar Lining
AS/NZS 1516 Cement Mortar Lining of Pipelines In Situ
AWWA C203-02: Coal-Tar Protective Coatings & Linings for Steel Water Pipelines, Enamel & Tape, Hot-pap. (Incl. add. C203a-99)
AWWA C205-00: Cement-Mortar Protective Lining and Coating for Steel Water Pipe- 4 In. (100 mm) and Larger-Shop application
AWWA C602 Standard for Cement-Mortar Lining of Water Pipelines - 4 inch (100 mm) and Larger - In Place
2.2.4 Shop Cement Lined Piping
British Standard BS 534
British Petroleum GS 106-1
Shell DEP 188.8.131.52-Gen.
Saudi Aramco 01-SAMSS-005
KNPC ENG STD 87C1
API RP 10E
Pipe Coating Products
Fusion Bonded Epoxy – Fusion Bond Epoxy is a powder epoxy thermosetting coating applied for anticorrosion protection to steel pipelines. The pipe is first blast cleaned and heated. Then epoxy powder is spray applied by electrostatic guns to melt and form a uniform layer that hardens within a minute from application. Utilizing industry accepted materials supplied by manufacturers such as 3M, DuPont, and Valspar, the facility can apply FBE in a wide range of thickness to cost effectively meet any project specifications.
Fusion Bonded Epoxy with Abrasion Resistance Overcoating (FBE/ARO) – Utilizing two completely separate powder systems, the facility can produce FBE with an ARO at unprecedented processing speeds using industry accepted materials such as 3M 6352, DuPont 7-2610, and Lilly 2040.
Fusion Bonded Epoxy with High Temperature Resistant Overcoating – Utilizing two completely separate powder systems, the facility can produce FBE with a high operating temperature resistant overcoating such as DuPont’s Nap-Gard Gold and 3M’s 6258.
Fusion Bonded Epoxy with Zap-Wrap Overcoating – The facility is capable of processing line pipe with connections and of applying the Zap-Wrap abrasion resistance overcoating to the ends of each pipe.
Three Layer Polyethylene (3LPE)
To improve anticorrosion performance and adhesion, an additional layer of epoxy primer is sprayed onto pipe surfaces prior to the adhesive layer and Polyethylene top layer application. Three Layer Polyethylene is suitable for service temperatures from 60°C to 80°C (85°C peaks). Typical coating thickness is from 1-2 mm to 3-5 mm.
Three Layer Polypropylene (3LPP)
If a wider service temperature range and high stiffness is required, adhesive and top layers, applied over primer layer, are based on polypropylene instead of polyethylene. Three Layer Polypropylene is suitable for service temperatures up to 135 °C (140°C peaks). Typical coating thickness is from 1-2 mm to 3-5 mm.
Three Layer Polypropylene and Polyethylene
Three Layer applications involve a thermoplastic coating applied to steel pipelines as a form of anticorrosion protection. This mechanical resistance is appropriate when the risk of particularly severe coating damages exist. The Three Layer process involved several steps. First, the pipe surface is blast cleaned to remove any external residue from the mill or storage. It is then heated and sprayed with a Fusion Bond Epoxy (FBE) primer followed by the application of an adhesive copolymer and polyolefin polymers that are wrap extruded, one over the other.
Field applied products
3M: SK 134, SK6233, SK6352 Toughkote, SK 314, SK 323, SK 206N, SK 226N, SK 6251 DualKote SK-6171, SK 206P, SK226P,
3M Internal Coatings: Coupon EP2306HP
DuPont: 7-2500, 7-2501, 7-2502, 7-2508, 7-2514, 7-2803, 7-2504 Nap Gard Gold 7-2504, Nap Rock: 7-2610, 7-2617 FBE Powders
DuPont: Repair Kits; 7-1631, 7-1677, 7-1862, 7-1851
DuPont Internal Coatings: 7-0008, 7-0010, 7-0014, 7-0009SGR, 7-0009LGR, 7-2530, 7-2534, 7-2509
Akzo Nobel: FBE - Fusion Bond Epoxy
Internline 876 Seal Coat
Denso: 7200, 7900 High Service Temperature Coatings
Internal Liquid Epoxy: Powercrete Superflow